The estimated diabetes prevalence in Kenya ranges between 2.7% (rural) and 10.7% (urban). The prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance is 8.8% (rural) and 14.4% (urban).
The real numbers of people living with diabetes is unknown: data for most of the regions is not available.

In 2003, non-communicable diseases (diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, chronic lung diseases and cancer) contributed 53% of hospital admissions in Kenya. Diabetes accounted for 27% of these hospital admissions.