4. What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is usually first diagnosed in children, teenagers, or young adults. With this form of diabetes, the pancreas no longer makes insulin. About 5 to 10 percent of adults with diabetes have type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. People can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. This form of diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which the body does not use insulin properly. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by producing more insulin. In time, however, it loses the ability to produce enough insulin in response to meals.

The result of type 1 and type 2 diabetes is the same: glucose builds up in the blood, while the cells are starved of energy. Over the years, high blood glucose damages nerves and blood vessels, oftentimes leading to complications such as heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney disease, nerve problems, gum infections, and amputation.

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